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Resources for the Study of the Romanian Language   Tags: east_european, folklore, foreign_language_resources, history, language, language learning, literature, romance language, romania, romanian, slavic  

Resources for the students in their first year of study of the Romanian language
Last Updated: Mar 23, 2015 URL: Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

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Romania - Just the Facts



Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria
and Ukraine

Geographic coordinates:

46 00 N, 25 00 E


total: 238,391 sq km
country comparison to the world: 82
land: 229,891 sq km
water: 8,500 sq km

Area - comparative:

slightly smaller than Oregon

Land boundaries:

total: 2,508 km
border countries: Bulgaria 608 km, Hungary 443 km, Moldova 450 km,
Serbia 476 km, Ukraine (north) 362 km, Ukraine (east) 169 km


225 km

Maritime claims:

territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation


temperate; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog; sunny
summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms


central Transylvanian Basin is separated from the Moldavian Plateau
on the east by the Eastern Carpathian Mountains and separated from
the Walachian Plain on the south by the Transylvanian Alps

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Black Sea 0 m
highest point: Moldoveanu 2,544 m

Natural resources:

petroleum (reserves declining), timber, natural gas, coal, iron ore, salt,
arable land, hydropower

Land use:

arable land: 39.49%
permanent crops: 1.92%
other: 58.59% (2005)

Irrigated land:

30,770 sq km (2003)

Total renewable water resources:

42.3 cu km (2003)

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):

total: 6.5 cu km/yr (9%/34%/57%)
per capita: 299 cu m/yr (2003)

Natural hazards:

earthquakes, most severe in south and southwest; geologic structure
and climate promote landslides

Environment - current issues:

soil erosion and degradation; water pollution; air pollution in south
from industrial effluents; contamination of Danube delta wetlands

Environment - international agreements:

party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants,
Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity,
Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification,
Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes,
Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:

controls most easily traversable land route between the Balkans,
Moldova, and Ukraine


Intensive Language Programs

The American Association for Teachers of Slavic and East European Languages (AATSEEL) website has a page that describes intensive programs in Slavic and East European languages as well as in the languages of the Republics of the former Soviet Union. The listings include those programs offered in U.S. (and some Canadian) colleges and universities as well as in programs abroad. This is a free service provided by AATSEEL to such programs.

Each language has its own page, and programs are divided into the following categories: Summer Programs in the U.S., Summer Programs Abroad, and Semester/Year Programs Abroad. Information is added to this page as it is received, so check frequently for updates.

The website has a table which allows you to click on the language you are interested in, and it directs you to links to the program/school websites teaching the language.


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